President Joe Biden’s fellow Democrats are trying to head off both a government shutdown and a potentially economically crippling US credit default.
enate Democrats had hoped to avoid a partial government shutdown and to suspend the federal debt ceiling with a single vote.
But they were blocked by Republicans, who have offered broad opposition to Democratic legislative priorities and said the two matters should be dealt with separately.
The Democrats hold slim majorities in the Senate and House of Representatives.
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said more votes are likely, but did not specify what course he would take.
Politicians have only two days to avert a possible government shutdown by midnight tomorrow, the end of the current fiscal year.
Failure to do so could result in furloughs for hundreds of thousands of federal workers in the middle of a public health crisis.
Congressional Democrats will also seek a way to raise the government’s $28.4trn (€24.3trn) borrowing cap before the Treasury Department runs out of techniques to service the nation’s debt, some time in the second half of next month.
Republicans have said they will not help. Fiscal brinkmanship has become a regular feature of US politics over the past decade, thanks to ongoing partisan polarisation.
The most recent government shutdown, occurring during the presidency of Mr Biden’s Republican predecessor Donald Trump, lasted 35 days before ending in January 2019.
“This isn’t your typical Washington fracas,” Mr Schumer said on the Senate floor after Monday’s vote. “It has far more severe consequences than the typical political catfight.”
Democrats point out that much of the nation’s new debt was incurred during Mr Trump’s administration.
A government shutdown or a default would be a setback for the Democrats, who have portrayed themselves as the party of responsible government after Mr Trump’s chaotic presidency.
Democrats are also struggling to unite behind two pillars of Mr Biden’s domestic policy agenda – a $1trn (€857bn) infrastructure bill and a $3.5trn (€3trn) social spending package.
They originally planned to handle both bills in tandem.
But at a party caucus meeting, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said her chamber would vote on the infrastructure bill tomorrow, even though politicians are still negotiating the social spending bill, including its total cost.
“We just have to make difficult choices,” Ms Pelosi said, according to a source familiar with her comments who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Centrist Democrats have balked at the scale of the social spending package.
The White House and top politicians may narrow some benefits to bring the price tag down, sources say.
However, they have yet to settle on a figure.
Politicians on the party’s left have threatened to torpedo the infrastructure bill.
They have expressed concern that the plan to expand health and education benefits and fight climate change could fall by the wayside if Congress prioritises spending on highways, broadband and other infrastructure.